HomeActivitiesPast Activities
Past Activities

Project 1: Impact of the EU-India Free Trade Agreement on Human and Social Rights Issues

The AILS designed a project proposal jointly with the European Institute of Asian Studies and Maniben Kara Institute to assess the possible impact of EU-India FTA on “Indian Society and Labour and human rights”. Under this project the Institute proposed a research study on “Human Rights and EU-India FTA – A Civil Society Impact Assessment” followed by a series of regional workshops with various stakeholders and a National Conference on ‘India -EU FTA: “Opportunities and Challenges”. The AILS has also proposed to undertake formation of social activists’ forums and organising rallies and networking. The project will be completed in three years.

The project was initiated in September 2012. During the year 2013 and 2014 the AILS completed its part of the research study and took initiative to conduct the follow up activities in the form of local/regional workshops, study circles, forums, exhibitions and mass meetings. The objective of the follow up activities was to disseminate and share the findings of the study report with the stakeholders and build and strengthen their capacity for their effective participation to monitor and report on the status of human rights and social impacts of the FTA process.

The AILS also contributed in developing the research framework for the CSOs who are partners in the project. These CSOs are “Nirman”(Mumbai) (Construction workers) Stree Mukti Sanghatana (SMS) working for the upliftment of vulnerable women (Waste Pickers) Social & Labour Research Foundation (SOLAR) - The Employers Federation of India (Mumbai). (Industrial units) The “Centre for Environment Education” (Pune) (Environment) The “Development, Education and Research Foundation (CDEAR)” (Indore) (Farmers) Self Employed Women’s’ Association (SEWA) (Agricultural and Garment workers) The research aims at analysing and presenting the prevailing situation regarding various issues related to socio-economic aspects of the FTA and which are of primary concern to the selected groups of the population. It includes issues such as employment, training needs and conditions of work, social security, freedom of association, scope for collective bargaining and capacity building of the stake holders focusing on information sector. It concentrates on bringing out the status of labour legislations, relations between the employer and employees, cooperation between the trade unions, and status of labour rights at enterprise level, government policies and programmes and assesses the capacity of the stake holders to take up the issues that will arise out of the India- EU FTA. With an objective to assess the possible social dimensions and potential impacts of the FTA on the vulnerable groups of Indian workers, the research targeted the following sectors/ industries, namely agriculture, home-based garment industries, informal recycling and construction.

The project is completed in the year 2015. The following activities were organised under this project during the reporting year.

Activity 1: Advocacy Events

As a part of the project some advocacy events were organised at various places. These advocacy events were proposed with an objective to inform and motivate broader audience regarding position of Civil Society Organisations and Trade Unions on proposed India activities like mass public meetings, exhibitions, social forums, study circles, rallies etc. were proposed. The Activities aimed at raising awareness of the people in the interest of the stakeholders. Activities were introduced to establish and a forum to have continuous dialogue during process of FTA negotiations and thereafter.

1. Mass Meeting at Tirupur
On 1st of November 2015, an Advocacy Meeting was held at Tirupur, for the readymade garment workers of the city. The meeting was held at Hotel Classic, and around 100 workers attended. It was important to note that there was almost equal representation of women workers. The event was presided over by several trade union leaders of the industry-Dandapani, Sivaswamy, Jagannathan. Dr. S.T. Sawant, Advisor, The Ambekar Institute for Labour Studies, and Ms.Vijaya Srinivasan, (Hon. Deputy Director, AILS) were also, present.

The meeting began with a welcome address by Shri. Dandapani, President Tirupur District INTUC, who briefly explained the purpose behind organising the meeting. This was followed by an address by Shri Jagannathan, who introduced the EU-India FTA and what it meant for workers in general, textile/garment workers in particular. He also introduced Dr. Sawant the main speaker at the meeting, and Mrs. Srinivasan. Since Dr. Sawant spoke in English, Shri Jagannathan interpreted his talk in Tamil. Dr. Sawant spoke in detail about the process of globalisation, and the resultant changes that has affected labour adversely.

After Dr. Sawant spoke, Mrs. Srinivasan talked about the issues that women in the garment industry deal with in their place of work. She mentioned that while employment of women has increased in the industry, their working conditions have not been paid enough attention. Neither has the increased employment of women been reflected in increased membership of women, thereby facilitating better focus on their workplace concerns. Hence this aspect has to be kept in mind while dealing with the higher employment opportunities for women that has been witnessed by increased export potential in textile and garment industry. Some discussion took place as participants voiced their concerns regarding their work. One query was regarding contract labour and wages.

Past Activity

2. Meetings and Exhibition at Nagpur
On 1st December 2015 the meeting was organised at Nagpur in Maharashtra State. Nagpur is the second capital of the Maharashtra State. The meeting was presided over the Mr. Haribhau Naik, Ex. State Finance Minister, Government of Maharashtra and Ex-Mayor of Nagpur City. Mr. G.B. Gawde, Director, Ambekar Institute for Labour Studies was present on the occasion. About 46 people by the sub-grantees and AILS were also briefed to the participants.

The meeting was organised by the Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh, Nagpur and coordinated by Mr. S.T. Shingne. The meeting was held at Hindi Bhavan, Nagpur. An exhibition was also arranged at the venue of the meeting displaying posters and reports produced by the AILS.
Past Activity

3. Mass meeting and Exhibition at Mumbai
On 13th December 2015 a meeting was organised at Rashtriya Mill MazdoorSangh on the occasion of the death anniversary of Late Shri G.D. Ambekar. About 500 people attended the meeting.The meeting was presided over by Mr. Sachin Ahir, Ex. State Minister for Industry and Environment, Government of Maharashtra. Dr. S. T. Sawan Advisor, AILS, Dr. Niranjan Hatekar, Head of Economics Department, Mumbai University were present on the occasion.

On this occasion the exhibition was also arranged from 11th to 13th December in the campus of the Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh. The posters, study reports published by AILS and other reading material related to the subjects on FTAs were displayed.
The exhibition was inaugurated at the hands of Shri Govind Mohite, General Secretary, RMMS, and Mumbai. More than 400 people visited exhibition and collected the information on the FTAs and related issues during the three days of exhibition.

Past Activity

4. Study Circles
Study circles were organised at Bangalore, Indore and Mumbai during the month of September, October and November 2015. About 180 study circle leaders were selected who were involved in the earlier projects and still active in the field and given the training to conduct the sessions on the subject and then given responsibility to conduct the circles at their respective workplace. The participants participated in the study circles were from three sectors viz, construction, garment and apparel, agriculture and allied. In all 2700 participants attended Study Circles. Following issues were discussed in the study sessions.
1. Background of the project.
2. Aims and Objective of the Project.
3. Impact of the India-EU FTA on workers’ rights.
4. Impact of the India-EU FTA on Civil Society Organisations.
5. Impact of the India-EU
6. Role and responsibilities of Trade unions and Civil Societ
7. Tasks for the Study Circle members

Past Activity

5. Production of Posters and handouts

Nine poster were designed with different themes related the Indian EU FTA. Posters were published by AILS and distributed to the participants trade union organisations and CSOs who participated in the various events viz. National Workshops, Regional Workshops, exhibitions, study circles, mass meetings which were organised by AILS as a part of the project. 5000 copies of the posters and hand bills were distributed in the rallies, exhibitions and mass meetings.

Past Activity

Activity 2: Workshop On Policy and Strategy Development for Effective Participation in Monitoring Social Impact of India-EU FTA

Past Activity

Two regional workshops were organised under the project. The first workshop was organised at Mumbai on 7th and 8th October 2015. The regional workshop on FTA was conducted by Ambekar Institute of Labour Studies, Mumbai in collaboration with the European disseminating and debating the research findings of trade unions, CSOs and other organizations,sensitize the various stakeholders on the positive and negative impact of India awareness and knowledge on FTA and planning avenues of capacity building and advocacy effective monitoring. This workshop was specifically directed towards representatives of trade unions and Civil Society Organizations.

The opening welcome remark was given by Mr. G. B. Gawde (Director, AILS) introducing Ms. Renuka Srinivasan – EU representation and Ms. Chanda Korgaokar Prasad, Senior Associate at European Institute of Asian Studies, followed by an introduction to all the trade union, civil society group and other organizations leaders who were from around 8 different States in India.

The regional seminar was divided into 2 days that is 7th and 8th of October 2015. The first day was dedicated to the presenters from Nirman;Employers' Federation of India; Development, Education and Research Foundation; and Stree Mukti Sangathana wherein they discussed the findings of their research in front of the gathering followed by questions and discussions. The second day started with the presentation of the report by AILS by Dr. S.T. Sawant followed by a brainstorming session. The gathering was divided into 2 groups and was asked to identify challenges and issues of FTA, Policy recommendations and what would be their action plan to counter FTAs negative impacts.

The second regional workshop was organised at Bhubaneswar on 27th and 28th October 2015. This workshop was attended by 30 participants who came represented the States of Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, and Chhattisgarh.

Activity 3: Capacity Building Workshops


Regional Capacity Building Workshops were envisaged under the project for providing training and counseling to the office bearers and the field activists of the trade unions and other civil society organizations addressing specifically to youth and women. The objective of the workshops was to strengthen the capacity of the stakeholders for effective participation in monitoring and reporting on status of human rights and social impacts of the development process and implementation of the forthcoming EU-FTA. To achieve this objective a series of two-day workshops was insinuated and was accordingly designed for the above mentioned target groups from among CSOs covering a cross section of the society including organizations of labour, traders etc. The important element included in the workshop was to help the participants to understand the issue and then to help them further to articulate their views and suggestions concerning the relevance of the FTA in view of the India's international commitments and obligations in the process of Globalization and entry into the free competitive market economy. A copy of the programme designed in this respect is at annexure 'A'. However, while implementing the workshops necessary modifications, marginal though, were adopted so as to use the specific competency of the group more effectively and meaningfully.

Five such workshops were organised viz. at Khandala (Mumbai), Kolkata, Tirupur. Jaipur, Lucknow covering about twenty States. The details such as States covered, dates of the workshops and number of participants are given below.

Sr. No. Venue of the workshop Regions Recovered Dates No. Of Participants
1. Khandala Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh 17th & 18th Oct. 2014 30
2. Kolkata Bihar, Orissa, W.B 30th & 31st Oct.2014 37
3. Tirupur Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Pondicherry, A.P. Karnataka 5th & 6th Nov.2014 33
4. Jaipur Punjab, Haryana, N.D. Rajasthan 28th Feb & 1st Mar.2015 29
5. Kanpur U.P., Zarkhand, Chattisgarh, Bihar, Utrakhand 29th & 30th Sept. 2015 33
      Total 162

Two capacity building workshops were organised during the reporting year. These workshops were held at Jaipur and Kanpur. These workshops were attended by the trade union organisations, CSOs, academics, farmers’ groups, traders’ groups, political organisations and concerned government agencies.

Recommendations from the participants

  • The papers and documents related to the proposed FTA should be made available to public.  The FTA process should be transparent and agreement copy should be uploaded on government web site for public information and opinion.
  • Public opinion should be respected.
  • All stakeholders including the trade union representation should be a part of negotiating team at adequate level.
  • Proper mechanism and programmes should be developed to rehabilitate the workers who will be displaced during implementation of the FTA.
  • The Indian Government should give proper consideration and respect to human and workers rights while negotiating with the EU on proposed FTA.
  • Indian Government’s move to bring labour reforms is a unilateral and anti labour decision. The trade unions should be invited and their views should be considered positively while changing the existing labour laws.

Tremendous Growth in size of population, increasing number of unemployed youth, slow economic growth and lack of investment in industrial sector are some of the important issues and concerns of India. The FDI, foreign technology are important for India’s’ growth and development.  India is expecting growth at the rate of 8% and above. At the same time human development is also important.  Compared with the EU countries India is far away from what these EU countries have achieved.  The FTA should also take care of this truth.

Suggestions for Capacity Building
The participants felt need of capacity building within the organization to face the potential impact arising out of proposed India-EU FTA. Their suggestions were:

  • The CSOs and Trade Unions should undertake campaigns and arrange events such as rallies, public meetings, exhibitions, and study circles, social forums to educate the people and take lead to mobilize the public opinion in support of their stand on Proposed FTA.
  • The trade unions should built up solidarity at various levels and establish dialogues and relations with the world labour organisations for their support in preventing the exploitative practices of multinationals when they are operating in other countries. 
  • The CSOs can make use of instruments available at national and international levels such as ILO Core Standards, ILO Declaration on OECD guidelines for multinational Enterprises, global framework agreements, internationally accepted codes of conducts, National Voluntary Guidelines, etc.  to put the pressure on the enterprises which disregard the workers’ rights.
  • Government should develop a Contingency Fund and assure economic protection to the victims of employers hire and fire practices till they get another job. 
  • The ILO’s Decent Work Agenda should be on the fore front at the time of negotiations by both the parties.
  • ILO’s Conventions on Freedom of Association and protection of the Right to Organise and Right to organise and Collective bargaining  should be ratified by the government and provide legal instrument  to  every worker to become a member of a trade union and  recognition to the trade union for collective bargaining.

Activity 4: Joint Workshop on Promotion of CSR in the Context of the EU-India FTA

Free Trade Agreements can potentially lead to creation of many jobs, increase infrastructure building and strengthen the exchange of best practices. However, managing FTAs such as EU-India FTA will be more a responsibility of enterprises, investors and the financial market than governments and the international institutions. The key aspect under the EU-India Free Trade Agreement is the issue of sustainability, respect for international labour standards and the viability of including a human Rights clause. Different views have been expressed as to whether a Human Rights clause (linked to the sustainability issue), as well as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) guidelines should be applied on a voluntary basis or included in a legally binding document like the FTA.

To discuss the above mentioned issue the AILS jointly with EIAS organised a one day seminar on Promotion of CSR in the Context of the EU-India FTA. The seminar was held on 16th November 2015 at Mumbai. Twenty nine participants representing unions of INTUC, Nirman, Employers Federation of India, UNI, Transport and Docks, Bombay Port Trusts attend the workshop.

Project 2: Seminar "Labour Law Reforms and Sustainable Growth of Economy"

The move of the Governments both Central and few States has pushed through key labour reforms and brought amendments to the Factories Act, Child Labour Act, Minimum Wages Act and Apprenticeship Act dented India’s attractiveness as an investment destination and also impacted the domestic manufacturing sector. On the other hand the National Convention of Workers held under the banner of joint platform of all the Central Trade Unions of the country along with independent national federations/organizations from all the sectors and service establishments expressed deep concern at the unilateral move to amend the laws by a number of state governments and by the Central Government. Against this background, the Ambekar Institute for Labour Studies(AILS) organised a two –day seminar on the issue of Labour Reforms inviting the representatives of trade unions to understand their views on the reforms. With the support and partnership of the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES), New Delhi, a National Seminar was held on 7-8 April, 2015, at the Workers Education Centre of the Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh (RMMS), Khandala. About 22 participants including trade unionists, government officials, employers representatives, from the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh who attended the seminar.

Several interesting suggestions were put forward by the participants as below:

1. When laws are passed and no-one has challenged it for various reasons, Fundamental Rights of the Constitution can be used to challenge it, to the Human Rights Commission. According to the writers of the Constitution, "democracy" is, in essence, a government by opinion and therefore, the means of formulating public opinion should be secured to the people of a democratic nation. The ultimate objective of the Constitution to protect human centric rights and others are merely instruments to uphold those rights. Law is static, but environment is not static; law is an instrument to deal with the changing environment, and it has to be questioned whether the law meets the changes effectively. If not, all people, irrespective of race, religion, caste or sex, have been given the right to move the Supreme Court and the High Courts for the enforcement of their fundamental rights. Therefore, trade unions have to actively strengthen their legal skills to effectively counter encroachment of anybody on labour rights.

2. So far, the CTUs have only used the tool of agitation. We now take recourse to the tool of law.

3. Unions must utilise social media like most civil society organisations today, to connect with the public and make their voices heard. There are several tools such as starting a blog, face book page or online petitions, to garner public support for the cause of labour.

4. Industries today are globally governed through International Labour Standards; Codes of Conduct for suppliers, etc. These are platforms through which unions can promote advocacy of decent work standards for their workers.

5. Global advocacy is a powerful tool to promote the cause of labour, when national laws become exploitative. Several ILO Conventions e.g. Convention Nos.87-88 have not been ratified by India. Such indifference by Government can be handled through strategic advocacy at International forums.

6. The new generation of workers from new industries, are not involved or interested in trade unions. Therefore, instead of giving up on them CTUs have to strategies on how to deal with modern day environment and workers. Along with routine work, new methods have to be adopted.

7. Unions have to interact with workers at grassroots level once again, as most unions have lost touch with their membership and their needs. This has to be addressed. Skill development of union cadres is also important, especially with regard to legal literacy, and leadership skills.

8. Organised sector workers also have problems of violations which need union interventions e.g. outsourcing in Banking, contract work, which are being addressed and thus gaining union members too.

The seminar ended on an optimistic note, providing reassurance that trade union movement can never die away. It is however, critical that we reinvent ourselves to rise up to the new challenges emerging in the globalised world and evolve our strategies to become equal partners in the country’s growth and development.

Project 3: "Women Labour in Night Shift – Trade Union View"

One of the labour law rationalisation proposals is to amend the Factories Act, 1947 so as to allow women to work in the night shift. The proposal is being criticized by some trade union organizations as well as political parties. Looking at the different views and opinions on women working in night shifts the AILS organised a seminar on this issue and sought the opinion and views of trade unions and other stake holders. It was in support of FES, India. The two-day Seminar was organised on 2nd and 3rd September 2015 in Hotel Akshya Aura, Bangalore. It was participated by 25 trade unionists from 5 States: Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Of them 20 were ladies.

Dr. S.T. Sawant, Adviser of AILS and Dr. Pravin Sinha, Senior Adviser, Labour and Industrial Relations, FES-India facilitated the discussion by providing inputs in different sessions scheduled in the Seminar.

It was felt that the proposed amendment concerning the women in night work would result in optimal utilization of the installed capacity, promotion of exports and generation of employment opportunities for women. However, it was brought to the notice that the studies on the physical, psychological and medical effects of night work generally agree that if night shift work is regularly performed, it causes negative effects on the health and family life of workers whether male or female. Gender plays no role, thus there appears to be no justification for protecting only women except as to their reproductive function. However, the effects vary from one individual to another. It was suggested that in consideration of their reproductive function, the nightshift should be continuously disallowed for pregnant and nursing mothers and those engaged in strenuous activities. The discussion also suggested that legislations should consider specific measures to diminish the ill effects of night work not only for women but for men as well. If night work is an unavoidable necessity, workers should be compensated more in terms of social, monetary and health issues.

An observation was made that the physiological, emotional and biological needs of a woman are based on a rhythmic pattern of sleeping and awakening. A change in the working schedule will affect all this balance and will lead to sleep deprivation disturbing the rhythm of the body and negatively affecting concentration, job performance, social and family interactions and general health.

We are here for opposing women labour in night shifts because of :
1. Permission Problem.
2. Travelling Problem.
3. Security Problem at Work Place.
4. Family Problem at home.
5. Health Problem.
6. Social Security issues.
7. Crèche issues
8. Harassment at work place in the Night.
9. Implementation of Law- bound to be weak and hence adverse impact in all respect – health, security, child care, family relations etc.

We are here for supporting women working in night shifts because:
1. As per Indian Constitution all men & women are equal.
2. Good to increase the financial status of the family.
3. Women don’t want to be dependent on men, they want to earn and gain self respect.
4. In almost all the countries Govt. are providing special provision for women development & efforts are being made to extract Maximum of their talent in India as during Veda & Upanishads period. Women are being accorded with respect and are facilitated in all spheres of life.
5. The future would see more women venturing into areas traditionally dominated by Men.

Project 4: Understanding Basics of RTI Act 2005

Following the enactment of the Right to Information Act in May 2005, all citizens of India now have the RIGHT to access information. The RTI Act recognises that in a democracy like India, all information held by government ultimately belongs to the people. The RTI Act recognises that the sharing of information by government with citizens is exception, usually at the whim of officers within a public authority, but now the RTI Act gives all citizens the right to ask questions - and demand answers - about governance and development issues that affect their lives. The Act makes it much more difficult for officials to cover up their corrupt practices. Access to information will help expose poor policy-making which will contribute to reviving the political, economic and social development of India.

Trade Unions as an important civil society stakeholders, and protector of rights of workers, are also in a position to use this tool to access information that would help them in their functioning. However, most are not aware of the Act, and those who are aware, are not sure of how the Act can be used effectively. As on today there are several NGOs and activists providing their services to the people who are in need of information for their individual purpose or social purpose. The trade unions being a member based organizations can also provide this service to their members who will really help them to come out of their problems related to P.F., Pension, E.S.I. benefits, and grievance pending with the Government Labour Office etc. Also the matters like pending cases of workers at various levels in the courts, grievances in safety and health aspects, appointment of local committees at workplace to prevent sexual harassments etc. which are important for the trade unions could also be attended through RTI. In order to sensitize the trade union activists on the various ways in which the RTI Act can be used by trade unions, the Institute conducted two day national workshop which was held on 23rd and 24th August 2015 at Surat. This workshop was supported by Fredrich Ebert Stiftung (FES). The wokshop was attended by about 23 participants including women participants, who came from States of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and New Delhi.

Basics Of RTI

Project 5: Promoting Sustainable Enterprise – A Foundation Course for Representative of Workers and Management at Shop - Floor

At the request from The G.D. Ambekar Pratishthan and Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh the AILS designed a course module for imparting training to the unit level employees and their managers.

With the increasing complexity in product as well as labour market, it has become imperative to establish a work environment that will be conducive to healthy functioning of a production unit in any industry. In the wake of globalisation it has become necessary to bring about a collective and creative approach towards employer/employee responsibilities and maintaining cordial relations for sustaining growth of business as also standard of living of the workers.

Objective: The objective of the course is to promote the principles of business responsibility of stakeholders i.e. workers and managers. The course will be useful for both workers and their organizations/factory or employers that will help understanding the ‘work’ in micro and macro perspective and thereby also help sustaining harmonious relationships at workplace. This is crucial for achieving higher/optimum productivity. The focus of the course is to enlighten the participants on issues that are core to the responsible business which are being encouraged in the process of globalization. During the year two such residential course were organised at Khandala, the education centre of RMMS, from 18th to 21st February 2015 and 19th to 22nd August 2015 respectively. The nominations were received from three business organizations viz, Deepak Fertilizers, Mahindra Steel, NTC mills, Hoffkin Institute, Mahindra Sanyo, Mahindra Forge. About 45 participants took part in this Course.


Project 6: Current Recruitment and Employment Processes in South India Textile Industry

India is a rapidly growing economy. Economists predict that by 2050, India would become the third largest economy in the world. India is also set to grow ‘younger’, with 63% of our population being in the working age group by 2022. This demographic will be actively looking for jobs, and can potentially drive domestic demand if they enjoy good economic status. Ironically, several developed nations are set to expect a manpower shortage simultaneously - forecasted skilled manpower shortages in US and UK are to the tune of 19 million workers collectively. This gives a demographic advantage for India to step in, fill the labour market gap, and reap the benefits in terms of economic growth.

In this context, the Indian textile industry has the ability to generate millions of jobs in the forthcoming years, for which adequate labour reforms and polishing their skill sets are the need of the hour in the industry. Therefore, the present study designed to examine the current recruitment practices and processes in the South Indian textile mills and garment factories, with special focus on the Tamil Nadu region.

Study of recruitment practices in the textile industry revealed that informal channels are most popular means of recruitment used by employers to source workers, and by workers to locate employment opportunities. Formal channels are not suitable for potential workers who have below matriculation level education. As mentioned in several other studies, these channels are brokers, agents, or contractors, who are either workers themselves or independent contractors. The exploitation that occurs is mainly due to the ignorance of the workers, especially girls and their parents regarding the conditions of employment. Their poverty makes them diffident to insist on clear and written documents from either the brokers or employers and thus fall prey to exploitation by both.

Along with the issues of recruitment and retaining practices, the study covers various other issues viz. wages and salaries, working conditions, trade union situation, and grievance handling mechanism at workplace.

The final report has been submitted to donor agency ETI.

On Going Activities

The Institute is participating in a joint project on "Impact of the EU-India FTA on Human and Social Rights Issues. The other partners are The Maniben Kara Institute, Mumbai and the European Institute.

The Ambekar Institute for Labour Studies (AILS)

Mazdoor Manzil, G. D. Ambekar Marg, Parel,
Mumbai - 400 012, India.

Tel : 022-24146861
Fax : 022-24151664
Email : ails_mumbai@mtnl.net.in

Copyright © 2013, The Ambekar Institute for Labour Studies (AILS). All Rights Reserved.
Powered by : Dotsindia